Sept. 19 (UPI) — On this date in history:
In 1777, American soldiers won the first Battle of Saratoga in the Revolutionary War.
In 1881, U.S. President James Garfield, 49, who had been shot in July by a disgruntled office-seeker, died of his wounds. Vice President Chester Arthur was sworn in as the successor to Garfield, who had been president for 6 1/2 months. His assassin was executed in 1882.
In 1893, with the signing of the Electoral Bill by Gov. David Boyle, New Zealand became the first country to grant national voting rights to women.
In 1955, after a decade of rule, Argentine President Juan Domingo Peron was deposed in a military coup.
In 1985, an earthquake collapsed hundreds of buildings, killed at least 7,000 people and injured thousands of others in Mexico City.
In 1988, U.S. swimmer Greg Louganis took the gold medal in 3-meter springboard diving at the Seoul Olympics after hitting his head on the board during preliminary competition.
In 1995, The Washington Post published a manifesto by Theodore Kaczynski, the so-called Unabomber, who carried out 16 bombings across the United States from 1978-95, killing three people. Kaczynski was arrested in 1996 and was sentenced to eight life sentences in prison.
In 2006, Thailand Premier Thaksin Shinawatra was overthrown in a bloodless military coup.
In 2010, 42-year-old Frenchman Philippe Croizon, a quadruple amputee, swam across the English Channel in 13 1/2 hours. Croizon covered the 21 miles with flippers attached to the stumps of his legs and special steering attachments in the arm areas.
In 2012, hundreds of thousands of Chicago Public School students were back in class after teachers voted to end a strike that lasted more than a week.
In 2013, Hiroshi Yamauchi, who led the transformation of Nintendo from a small Japanese company to a worldwide video gaming giant, died of pneumonia in Japan at the age of 85. Yamauchi was Nintendo’s president from 1949 to 2002. He also was the majority owner of Major League Baseball’s Seattle Mariners.